Potential Markets for BF1002

BF1002 Liquid Concentrate (LC) and Ready-To-Use (RTU) are highly effective non-selective post-emergence herbicides currently being registered with USEPA. These herbicides have quick action that result in weed death within 5-7 days. The herbicidal activity appears to be due to contact and systemic burndown in younger broadleaf and grass weeds (4-8 cm), and primarily burndown as weeds grow larger and develop a thicker cuticle. The assumed use rate of the LC is 15-30 gallons of product mixed with 15-30 gallons of water for a total spray solution of 30-60 GPA (1:1 product-to-water mixture). The RTU is applied straight until weeds are wet but not to the point of runoff. The effectiveness of BF1002 products is summarized in Testing Results under the Product information tab. Detailed and proprietary information including efficacy results are available for discussion under a Confidentiality Agreement.

While BF1002 LC and RTU formulations provide good weed control and, potentially, added positive nutritional value to the soils, BF1002 does not have soil detrimental residual herbicide effect. This is important because the use of BF1002 should not restrict crop rotations thus allowing flexibility in crop selection after burndown treatment. In addition, due to a lack of soil activity planting of crops immediately after burndown is possible. BelFol believes that BF1002 can complete in the non-selective postemergence herbicide market in both conventional and organic crops.

Trees, Nuts, Vines, and Small Fruit

Weed control is essential for healthy and high-yielding orchards and vineyards. Weeds can interfere with the irrigation of trees or vines, and weed competition can stunt growth of young trees and reduce fruit size and yield, resulting in significant economic losses. Additionally, weeds can interfere with orchard and vineyard horticultural practices, particularly during harvest.

Newly planted fruit trees with green bark are especially sensitive to herbicide damage and require protection from contact with postemergence herbicides. For example, glyphosate is commonly used for weed control in orchards. It is well known that glyphosate can enter young tree bark causing tree damage. Thus, there is a strong need for other safer herbicides in young orchards. Belvedere Foliar formulations can help meet this need.

Resistant weed management

Many weeds have developed resistance to commonly used herbicides. This is particularly true for glyphosate resistant weeds. BF1002 has excellent activity when used to control certain weeds that are resistant to glyphosate including Pigweed, Kochia, Ragweed, and Palmer amaranth.

Organic farming

Although of low toxicity, the current BF1002 formulations under regulatory review are not yet acceptable for OMRI designation. However, Belvedere Foliar believes that OMRI approval can be achieved with relatively minor changes to the formulations and that this course of action is currently under investigation.

Organic herbicides are generally, non-selective, contact-only, postemergence weed killers which only effect the parts of the weed which are contacted by the spray. End of L2 delete “average”. Organic herbicides are more expensive than conventional herbicides, with the average cost of treatments ranging from $160 to $650 per acre. Principal ingredients include vinegar, essential oils, and herbicidal soap. Corn gluten meal is another popular organic herbicide that is a good source of nitrogen, making it an organic version of a “weed and feed” product. However, corn gluten meal is generally the most expensive option for an organic weed killer. Organic herbicides containing NaCl as an herbicidal component may have systemic herbicidal action, but habitual use can degrade soil to the point that it is unsuitable for desired landscape plants or crops. Organic herbicides, in particular, have high demand as they are eco-friendly, are generally less toxic to animals, and can degrade quickly.

There are several organic herbicides registered in the US. These herbicides include Weed Pharm (20% acetic acid), C-Cide (5% citric acid), GreenMatch (55% d-limonene), Matratec (50% clove oil), WeedZap (45% clove oil + 45% cinnamon oil), Suppress (47% caprylic acid + 32% capric acid), and GreenMatch EX (50% lemongrass oil). Considering the efficacy and cost of BF1002, Considering its efficacy and cost, an organic formulation of BF1002 can have a strong presence in the organic herbicide sector which is close to a hundred-million-dollar market.

Estimated cost of selected organic herbicides per application are

Herbicide$ cost per one application per acre
Suppress205
d-limonene435
Scythe180
20% vinegar450

The cost of weed control in organic farming is significant. Hand hoeing can cost as high as $400 per acre and most organic growers prefer to use organic herbicides for weed control.

Home and Sensitive Municipal Markets

Nonselective herbicides are widely used to control weeds in parks, schools, public housing, and homes. Environmental and health concerns, however, caused a major shift to the use of non-chemical alternatives, organic or safer herbicides. BF1002 will be considered safer herbicides, especially when formulated for the organic market. Many municipalities in the US have banned the use of glyphosate and seek alternative herbicides. Good efficacy and good environmental properties of the BF1002 formulations can provide a strong opportunity to use these herbicides in this lucrative, high-profit market and should be the focus of marketing activity. The price and efficacy of both BF1002 LC and RTU formulations make them potentially strong competitors for residential landscaping/gardens and other sensitive markets. Also, OMRI designation is a high priority.

Specialty Fruit and Vegetable Crops

Herbicides continue to be the most important and effective tool for weed management in specialty fruit and vegetable crop production. Fruit and vegetable crops have few registered herbicides, and there is a general lack of interest to register new herbicides for specialty crops. High cost of registration, product liability, and concern about herbicide residue in fruit and vegetables are major reasons for the lack of new herbicide registrations.

BF1002 has properties that would allow smooth registration on fruit and vegetable crops. There should be no concern about bioherbicide residue in fruit and vegetable crops with BF1002 because the active ingredient is also a permitted food additive. However, BF1002 is a nonselective herbicide and may cause injury to fruit and vegetable crops unless applied with a hooded or directed sprayer to avoid any contact with the cash crop. The use of hooded and directed sprayers is common, especially with vegetable production. High safety combined with hooded or directed sprayers could make the BF1002 formulations successful bioherbicides in many specialty vegetable crops. The fact that all Belvedere Foliar herbicides rely on a plant nutrient as their active ingredient also has several important consequences including worker and environmental safety, the release of small amounts of a nutrient to the soil upon decomposition of killed weeds, and the rapid dilution of off-target spray to the level of a foliar nutrient.

Row crops

Many row crops and vegetables require significant expense for weed control with either herbicides and/or hand weeding, hoeing, and mechanical cultivation Although cost is a significant hurdle for the use of BF1002 in conventional agriculture, Belvedere Foliar herbicides could fit well with certain row crops. For example, early greenhouse studies showed high resistance to another Belvedere Foliar formula, BF1001, by postemergence to young and mature members of the Alliaceae (onion) family.

Industrial use

Industrial weed control is most often accomplished with herbicides. The art of industrial weed control is being able to apply herbicide treatments potent enough to prevent the growth of vegetation for the entire growing season while limiting the effects on nearby non-target vegetation.

For industrial use, the preferred herbicide program includes a residual herbicide, however, several residual herbicides do not have activity on established weeds. Under these circumstances, the inclusion of an herbicide with foliar activity is required. With its favorable environmental and health properties, BF1002 should be a fit when applied as a tank-mix with a residual herbicide to achieve total vegetation management, especially for locations within environmental, health, or public perception concern.

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